In recent times, the online world has gone on to become a part of our everyday lives. Now, we turn to the internet for various things such as banking, shopping, networking, and checking the latest news. Given the extensive use of websites, the demand for web developers in the future is only expected to rise. As time progresses, it’s only natural for people to ask, “What is the future of web development?”
Here, we give you insight into aspects such as the latest web development technologies and web programming trends. We also tell you what the future of web development languages and web application development holds.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
If there’s a talk of the future of web development, artificial intelligence is bound to enter the picture. This is only because there have been several advancements in this field over the last few years, and research continues unabated. After all, it’s been some time since Google’s DeepMind built AlphaGo, the first program to beat a professional Go player.
A number of corporations such as Microsoft, Google, and Facebook have already embraced artificial intelligence and make use of it in different areas of computer programming. This technology is being used by Google to improve search engine efficiency and by Wikipedia to identify articles that are damaged or carry inaccurate information.
Large e-commerce platforms such as Amazon have implemented chatbots, voice searches, and other AI solutions to enhance online shopping experiences. Spotify, one of the largest on-demand music service providers in the world, is already making the most of existing technology by using AI and machine learning.
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Since AI technology is becoming easier to access, we can expect to see more web developers using AI in their work. For instance, you may expect to find an artificial intelligence web designing platform that will ask you about colors, branding, content, and layout, and then create a website based on your inputs/requirements.
A web development machine such as this, as with all things AI, will continue learning with the aim of delivering better results in the future. However, until there’s an AI web development program, we need to make the most of human web developers who have some expertise in artificial intelligence.
The scope of web development in the future extends to using AI in different ways.
- Web development companies can use AI-based algorithms to get real-time design/layout suggestions.
- Web developers may enhance customer engagement by using AI-powered chatbots and other communication tools.
- AI-based coding brings with it the potential to reduce turnaround times significantly and create more intuitive applications.
- Website owners may use AI systems to analyze user behavior and provide personalized user experiences.
- E-commerce web development can benefit through AI image recognition to detect counterfeit products and the technology can also help identify fake reviews.
- AI algorithms can help manage monotonous tasks such as website maintenance and collection of data.
Virtual Reality (VR)
When you look at the scope of web development in the future, you cannot help but notice that virtual has to offer. This technology has taken the gaming world by storm and its presence is seen in various other industries. Large companies such as Mozilla and Google are already working on APIs that will help in the transition of virtual reality technology to the web.
Based on the momentum this technology this gaining and the trends that we have witnessed in the preceding years, we can expect that VR find its place in various other industries and be used in way more applications. For instance, much like the VR real estate tours of today, you may expect to see VR in news coverage in coming times.
By integrating VR with online browsers, WebXR, an open standard, gives users the ability to experience virtual reality through their browsers. Already available for use with popular browsers such as Firefox, Chrome, and Internet Explorer, the WebXR API does way with the need to download specific tools.
Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of things (IoT) refers to a technology that involves enabling typically non-internet connected devices/appliances to send and receive information. These can be smart TVs, air conditioners, kettles, toasters, and blenders as well as sensors in concrete to detect cracks.
While web developers might not be directly involved in developing this technology, they will play an intricate role in creating applications that help in their operations. They will also be involved in the analysis and display of data collected from these devices.
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Various tech-based companies have already started working on APIs that will be used by web developers in communicating with IoT devices. While this technology is expected to be on the rise, concerns about security remain. It is clear that web developers will have to face a number of challenges, especially in protecting these devices from hackers.
Ruby on Rails
Even if you looked at the latest web development technologies a decade ago, you would find mention of Ruby on Rails. However, given the various versions of Rails that have come about since its initial release in 2004, this server-side web application framework has come a long way. Despite all the changes, the Ruby on Rails framework still relies on three basic design principles that help promote simplicity in building rather complex systems.
- Its model-view-controller (MVC) architecture centralizes a program’s business logic, it determines how users interact with the program, and it establishes how the program displays information to users.
- Its conventions over configurations paradigm gives web developers the ability to save time/effort because they don’t have to focus on configuration file details.
- The “don’t repeat yourself” (DRY) model helps minimize repetition of information, it simplifies how developers make modifications, and it reduces errors during the development stage.
Initially released in 2016, Angular plays an important role in the past and future of web development. Built using TypeScript, this development platform is a component-based framework that developers may use to create a variety of scalable web and mobile applications. Its integrated libraries make way for a variety of features geared at addressing existing and future requirements of web developers such as client-server communication, routing, and forms management.
The many benefits of Angular for web developers include, but do not limit to:
- By dividing the user interface (UI) of an application into independent logical components, compressing elements with similar functionalities into well-defined components is easy.
- By running dependencies parallel to their components, Angular creates a tree of dependency injectors that web developers may alter without having to reconfigure its components.
- By using intuitive APIs, developers can create high-performance animation timelines with minimal coding.
- Its command-line interface (CLI) mechanizes the development workflow completely, and simplifies initialization and app configuration.
Static Site Generators
Static site generators can develop a website from plaintext. The text is stored in files as opposed to databases. The use of static generators has advantages such as speed, security, and ease of deployment. One problem is that they do not make room for user content such as comments, which are a must in today’s world. While this technology may find its way going forward, it might not carry as much weight as expected.
Web Programming Languages
Much of what web developers do depends on the web programming languages they know and use, so it’s fair to wonder which language is the future of web development. While some of the languages have been around for years, new ones continue to enter the sphere. As a result, keeping up with the changing landscape becomes very important for developers. The future of web development languages will include names such as:
- HTML. HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is lightweight and fast, is supported by all browsers, and allows the use of templates.
- SQL. With simple syntax, structured query language (SQL) finds favor with developers when it comes to creating, reading, updating, and deleting database records.
- R. R finds its place under the sun when it comes to developing programs that support machine learning and data analysis.
- Swift. While Swift has become the go-to language for many who specialize in iOS app development, it is also increasing its foothold in the field of web programming.
- Go. This open-source language supported by Google has syntactic similarities with C, although it also boasts of structural typing, memory safety, and garbage collection.
- PHP. Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) continues to find favor with backend developers who need to create data-heavy and dynamic websites. The fact that they can use it with all major operating systems definitely helps it retain its position.
- Python. The reason Python remains a part of the future of web development languages is that its extensive libraries ensure that developers don’t have to write a lot of code. Besides, it also makes for a great alternative when dealing with data science, machine learning, and IoT.
Accelerated Mobile Pages
Data released by Statista about global mobile device website traffic showed that mobile devices (not including tablets) generated 54.4% of website traffic the world over toward the end of 2021. With mobile use continuing to rise, one can also expect this number to increase accordingly. This is why accelerated mobile pages (AMPs) play a key role in the future of web development. The main advantages of AMPs include reduced loading time, lower bounce rates, increased conversions, and higher search engine results page (SERP) rankings.
Progressive Web Apps
Progressive web apps (PWAs) offer user experiences that are similar to ones generated by native/mobile apps. Developers create such apps by leveraging the latest web development technologies, and you may think of them as an amalgamation of a website and a mobile app. In addition, developing PWAs is typically much simpler and more cost-effective than developing native apps.
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- Users may add PWAs on their home screens to simplify access.
- These apps work equally well across different browsers and types of devices.
- They rate better than native apps when it comes to finding them through online search engines.
- They give you the ability to retarget users through push notifications.
- All pages/products come with their own URLs, so users may share them easily.
As in the past, one will witness various web development trends in the future. If you work in this field, you need to keep your eyes wide open because some of these trends will play a major role in what you do. If you’re looking at creating a new website for your business or updating an existing one, one or more of the aspects mentioned here might have a bearing on how you approach the process.
Bear in mind that just how well your website or app is developed plays an important role in how your target audience interacts with your business in the online world. As a result, it’s important for you to work with a web agency that specializes in popular web technologies of the day and also keeps up to date with web development trends of the future. Only then will you get a website or an app that is prepared to meet your customers’ ever-evolving needs.